LE CHIAVI DI LETTURA DEL RAPPORTO TRA UK E LIBIA

UK – Libia, un rapporto lungo 15 anni

Riflettori puntati sul braccio di ferro tra il governo britannico e il governo libanese.
Niente di nuovo, o meglio…sta continuando da 15 anni tra alti e bassi.
Tra i “bassi” trova posto l’incapacità del governo britannico di ottenere fino ad ora un risarcimento per le vittime dell’IRA, contrariamente a quanto ottenuto da George Bush per le vittime statunitensi.
Tra gli ‘alti’ invece, va menzionato il momento in cui la Libia ha formalmente ammesso di aver sostenuto l’IRA sia finanziariamente sia attraverso la fornitura di armamenti, dichirando ogni dettaglio.
Il governo britannico ha da sempre accettato il rifiuto da parte libica di ottenere un risarcimento, ma a quanto pare Gordon Brown vuole ritentare la carta.
Paul Reynolds, corrispondente BBC, ha cercato di fornire una chiave di lettura della situazione.
Bisogna partire dal fatto che Muammar Gheddafi, contrariamente a Saddam Hussein, è un superstite. Ovvero ha saputo fare delle scelte e innestare anche la retromarcia, dinnanzi a conseguenze che avrebbero potuto ‘tagliargli le gambe’.
Un esempio è la ‘questione’ della strage aerea di Lockerbie. Gheddafi ha consegnato alle autorità scozzesi due dei suoi agenti e ha eventualmente versato un risarcimento alle vittime di quella strage.
Non sono mancati i passi falsi, come il farsi “beccare” da Regno Unito e Stati Uniti nel tentativo di importare uranio arricchito senza l’autorizzazione dell’International Atomic Energy Agency. Ma anche in questo caso ha saputo fare un passo indietro informando l’IAEA del suo programma nucleare segreto e rinunciandovi, ottenenendo così una lenta ma progressiva riabilitazione della Libia agli occhi del mondo occidentale.
In pratica ci si destreggia tra il bastone e la carota.
Da un lato Stati Uniti e Regno Unito vogliono dimostrare che ci sono premi per coloro che stanno alle regole del gioco. Dall’altra l’Occidente vuole mettere le mani su nuove risorse petrolifere in territorio libico.
Ora la Libia sta opponendo resistenza al risarcimento delle vittime dell’IRA, e le carte che il governo britannico può giocare sono ridotte al lumicino, affidandosi quindi alla speranza di un ulteriore gesto del colonnello.

Traduci l’articolo…
Share
The key to understanding Libya (BBC News Northern Ireland)
The British government’s decision to provide support for efforts to get compensation from Libya for IRA victims is part of a complex diplomatic process that has been going on between Britain and Libya for 15 years.
During these extensive manoeuvres there have been ups and downs. The British inability to persuade the Libyans to pay that compensation has been one of the downs.
But there was also an up in the IRA affair.
In 1995 Libya not only formally admitted that it had given weapons and explosives to the Provisional IRA (everyone knew it was involved, because the vessel Claudia was captured in Irish waters in 1973 loaded with arms from Libya) but went beyond that and provided the British with all the details.
That was important information for the British, but for the Libyans, giving compensation on top of information was a step too far.
The British government has in the past accepted Libyan refusals to pay anything and it must be doubtful whether these new efforts – announced by Prime Minister Gordon Brown in Berlin on Sunday – will lead anywhere. Colonel Gaddafi’s son, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, said immediately that Libya will resist such demands.
But Mr Brown feels that he must make another try, it seems.
Backed down
The key to understanding dealings with Libya is that its leader Colonel Muammar Gaddafi is, unlike Iraq’s Saddam Hussein, a survivor.
Although he has a track record of engaging in reckless actions, it has also become apparent that when confronted with the consequences of these actions, he has backed down. He has weighed up the threats – sanctions, isolation and, he might have felt, even military action post Iraq, and has made his choices.
The IRA case was one example. Lockerbie was another. He handed over two of his agents, Megrahi and a colleague who was acquitted, to the Scottish authorities and eventually paid compensation for the Lockerbie victims.
He also climbed down in spectacular fashion in December 2003 after the US and UK had caught him red-handed trying to import uranium enrichment centrifuges without the authority of the International Atomic Energy Agency. A ship was intercepted in the Mediterranean carrying them.
Reward
Libya briefed the IAEA on its secret nuclear programme and gave it up.
The reward for all this has been a gradual but sure process of rehabilitating Libya in the eyes of the Western world.
Sanctions have been dropped and diplomatic relations restored.
There are two forces at work here. The first is that the US and UK want to show that there are benefits for those who play by the rules. Colonel Gaddafi must therefore get rewards for his corrective behaviour.
Strong card
The second is that there are potential riches for the West in the new openings to exploit Libya’s oil wealth. Hence the rush to Libya by Western companies and the wooing of the colonel himself and his influential son.
That in turn has given Libya a strong card. It used that card to force the British government to agree on a prisoner transfer agreement designed to enable Megrahi to be returned home.
In the event the Scottish government, in whose hands justice matters in Scotland reside, did not use the PTA but decided on a compassionate release instead.
Libya is now resisting the victims’ demands for IRA compensation and there is not much the British government can do about it.
Its only hope is that the colonel remains ready to make yet another gesture.

Rispondi

Inserisci i tuoi dati qui sotto o clicca su un'icona per effettuare l'accesso:

Logo di WordPress.com

Stai commentando usando il tuo account WordPress.com. Chiudi sessione /  Modifica )

Google photo

Stai commentando usando il tuo account Google. Chiudi sessione /  Modifica )

Foto Twitter

Stai commentando usando il tuo account Twitter. Chiudi sessione /  Modifica )

Foto di Facebook

Stai commentando usando il tuo account Facebook. Chiudi sessione /  Modifica )

Connessione a %s...

Questo sito utilizza Akismet per ridurre lo spam. Scopri come vengono elaborati i dati derivati dai commenti.